Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific
intergovernmental body tasked to evaluate the risk of climate change
caused by human activity. The panel was established in 1988 by the World
Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP), two organizations of the United Nations.
The IPCC shared the 2007 Nobel
Peace Prize with former Vice President of the United States Al Gore.
The IPCC does not carry
out research, nor does it monitor climate or related phenomena. A main
activity of the IPCC is publishing special reports on topics relevant to
the implementation of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC),
an international treaty that acknowledges the possibility of harmful
climate change; implementation of the UNFCCC led eventually to the Kyoto
Protocol. The IPCC bases its assessment mainly on peer reviewed and
published scientific literature. The IPCC
is only open to member states of the WMO and UNEP. IPCC reports are
widely cited in almost any debate related to climate change.
National and international responses to climate change generally regard
the UN climate panel as authoritative.
The summary reports include
review by participating governments in addition to scientific review.