INTERGOVERNMENTAL  PANEL  ON  CLIMATE  CHANGE

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is a scientific intergovernmental body tasked to evaluate the risk of climate change caused by human activity. The panel was established in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), two organizations of the United Nations.

The IPCC shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with former Vice President of the United States Al Gore.

The IPCC does not carry out research, nor does it monitor climate or related phenomena. A main activity of the IPCC is publishing special reports on topics relevant to the implementation of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international treaty that acknowledges the possibility of harmful climate change; implementation of the UNFCCC led eventually to the Kyoto Protocol. The IPCC bases its assessment mainly on peer reviewed and published scientific literature. The IPCC is only open to member states of the WMO and UNEP. IPCC reports are widely cited in almost any debate related to climate change. National and international responses to climate change generally regard the UN climate panel as authoritative.

The summary reports include review by participating governments in addition to scientific review.


"Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis" - report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (February 2007)

"Climate Change 2007: Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability" - report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (April 2007)

Technical Papers:

"Climate Change and Water" - June 2008

"Climate Change and Biodiversity" - April 2002

"Implications of Proposed CO2 Emissions Limitations" - October 1997

"Stabilization of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: Physical, Biological and Socio-Economic Implications" - February 1997

"An Introduction to simple climate Models used in the IPCC Second Assessment Report" - February 1997

"Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change" - November 1996